Hydraulic and Pneumatic Presses

When manufacturing various products, components sometimes require a great amount of compressive force in order to forge, clinch, punch, mould, blank, deep draw, or form materials. As such, machines that provide a great amount of compressive force with ease are very advantageous for manufacturers. While mechanical presses have long served production, newer technology has helped us improve our capabilities and strength while reducing the size of machinery. Within a variety of manufacturer facilities and shops, hydraulic and pneumatic presses are commonly used for performing physical tasks that require large amounts of pressure. With each providing their own unique considerations, understanding the differences between hydraulic & pneumatic press components can help you better make a decision on what type of machinery is best for you.

When manufacturing various products, components sometimes require a great amount of compressive force in order to forge, clinch, punch, mould, blank, deep draw, or form materials. As such, machines that provide a great amount of compressive force with ease are very advantageous for manufacturers. While mechanical presses have long served production, newer technology has helped us improve our capabilities and strength while reducing the size of machinery. Within a variety of manufacturer facilities and shops, hydraulic and pneumatic presses are commonly used for performing physical tasks that require large amounts of pressure. With each providing their own unique considerations, understanding the differences between hydraulic & pneumatic press components can help you better make a decision on what type of machinery is best for you.

As pneumatic presses provide very rapid operation and actuation, they prove very popular for many manufacturers and shops alike. Additionally, pneumatic functionality is often quicker than machinery relying on hydraulics, and they are more simplistic to use and present low maintenance. With high durability and reliability, pneumatic presses can be dependable machinery that have very few downsides to their use.

Similarly to the pressurized gases of the pneumatic press, the hydraulic press harnesses pressurized liquid to achieve its tasks. With a similar operation to pneumatic presses, pressure can be enacted on contained liquids in order to actuate a tool and achieve high strength. To carry out such operations, an internal piston pushes into an oil filled chamber, causing the fluids to be forced against a baseplate or another piston to further actuation through a downward movement. With this functionality, pistons and oils work together to press materials with high amounts of pressure.

The hydraulic press is often considered highly strong and very reliable, and they can undertake a variety of specific jobs such as pressing tougher materials or large amounts of components. As compared to the pneumatic press, however, hydraulic presses are much slower in operation and require more maintenance to ensure that the oil pressure remains optimal and that parts are not damaged. To best monitor the pressure of oil, additional devices may be used. Although hydraulic presses may provide less speed than their pneumatic counterparts, they provide increased power that may warrant their use over the alternative.

In other cases, hydraulics and pneumatics may be combined together for some presses, allowing for an ease of forming, punching, riveting, and more. By combining the advantages of hydraulic and pneumatics together, a great amount of force and speed can be balanced together. As compared to other types, hydro pneumatic presses are very compact and lightweight, allowing them to be space efficient and draw upon less energy to function. Nevertheless, they are not as precise as pneumatic presses, and they can have higher up-front costs.

Depending on your need, pneumatic and hydraulic press types can be very beneficial for a number of industrial and mechanical applications. If you are in need of hydraulic & press components that you can steadily rely on for your manufacturing applications, look no further than Aviation Distribution. As a leading online distributor, we can help you secure new, used, and obsolete components with competitive pricing and rapid lead-times. Get started today on the purchasing process by submitting an Instant RFQ form and receive a personalized quote in 15 minutes or less.


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April 27, 2021

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